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Monday, May 23, 2016

How to go Bagan Myanmar ( Burma )

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The main tourist destination in Myanmar is Bagan (formerly spelled as "Pagan"). Capital of the first Myanmar Empire; one of the richest archaeological sites in South-east Asia. Situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyawaddy River. The Magic of Bagan has inspired visitors to Myanmar for nearly 1000 years. Bagan covers an area of 42sq.km containing over 2000 well-preserved pagodas and temples of the 11th-13th century.

Bagan was born when King Anawrahta took the throne by force in 1044. He unified the country, introduced Theravada Buddhism and began building Bagan’s first temple, the grand Shwezigon. The hubristic Anawrahta coveted the sacred Buddhist scriptures (the Tripitaka) held by the very Mons who enlightened him. When they refused to hand them over, he took them by force. Anawrahta was eventually killed by a wild buffalo, but his dynasty ruled for 200 years. This was Bagan’s golden age, a period of manic temple building. Things began to go bad under the decadent King Narathihapati, who built the gorgeous Mingalazedi pagoda but bankrupted the city, leaving it vulnerable to attack by Kublai Khan in 1287..
Bagan’s most recent upheaval happened in 1990, when the government forcibly relocated the residents of Old Bagan, planting them in undeveloped land 4km to the south (now known as New Bagan)
Bagan is an ancient city that was the capital of the prosperous Bagan empire that controlled most of present day Burma. At the height of empire’s power between the 11th and 13th century more than 10,000 temples and pagodas were built.



Today, about 2,200 monuments remain in various states of repair, which makes Bagan one of the most dense concentrations of temples and pagodas in the world.
The scale of Bagan can be overwhelming with its thousands of monuments as far as the eye can see. Some are very well maintained and have been restored, while others are neglected and overgrown with vegetation.
Recognizing its importance, UNESCO has placed the Bagan archeological zone, an area of about 104 km2 on its tentative list for consideration as a future World Heritage Site.
The city was crushed again in 1975, when an earthquake measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale damaged many of Bagan’s principal structures. During the 1990’s the Burmese government had many of the damaged temples and pagodas restored. Unfortunately, the renovations were not done with the original architectural concepts in mind.
Bagan is located in the dry zone of Central Burma. The vast, mostly flat plain East of the Irrawaddy river receives little rain and looks like a desert at some places. Going around at the hottest time of the day can get very hot and sweaty.
There is an entrance fee of US$ 10 for every visitor to the Bagan archeological zone. Before entering a temple, please remove shoes and socks, as these are all sacred places.
A large two storey museum opened its doors in 1998. On display are numerous ancient objects discovered in the Bagan temples and pagodas, including Buddha images up to 1,000 years old, carved plaques depicting the Buddha, ancient stone inscriptions, wood carvings and stone sculptures. The museum also contains copies of murals found in several Bagan temples.
A very significant object that is on display in the museum is the Myazedi inscription dating back to 1113, which makes it the oldest known stone inscription in Burma. Standing on top of the flat roof of the building you will have good panoramic views of the Bagan plains and its thousands of monuments.
The city became one of the most important centres of Buddhist learning.
Bagan may be an old city, but it does offer something fresh to its visitors. There are many contemporary hotels and establishments for the modern adventurer.


We offers a large variety of tours throughout Myanmar and Thailand. We handle individual travelers as well as groups. Guided tours are available in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Japanese. All tours are conducted by experienced licensed guides in air-conditioned vehicles. All Seat-in-Coach (SIC) Tours have guaranteed fixed departures operating in German and Spanish.

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